Before Visiting What Countries Do You Need To Be Vaccinated?
Holiday time is the long-awaited time for everyone, especially when you are going to some exotic places. Therefore, except preparing suitcases, cameras and documents you should think about your own health to avoid unexpected troubles.
In addition to the standard set of traffic kits and insurance take care of vaccination that protects against all kinds of illnesses. And the more time you're going to spend abroad, the more strongly it is recommended to do all the necessary vaccinations.
It should be noted, that if the country is not exotic or even is in the near abroad, no special vaccinations are necessary and no special certificate of vaccination is required. This category includes among others some popular African countries: Tunisia, Egypt and Morocco. The health and sanitary standards are effectively complied with in these countries, and local diseases do not pose any danger.
It is better not to attend exotic Asian tours without special medical examination and vaccination. Thailand, India, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Turkey, and even Portugal can offer not only a variety of pleasant experiences, but also malaria, fever, and cholera. The list of potentially hazardous countries also includes some countries in Africa and South America – Kenya, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Peru and Brazil.
There is an approved list of countries that require the mandatory presence of fever vaccination certificates. These countries include: Panama, Chad, Cameroon, Congo, Ecuador, Palau, Cote d'Ivoire, Togo, Guyana, Zimbabwe, Zaire, Sao Tome, Angola, Cameroon, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Liberia, and Benin.
It should be noted that vaccination should be done in advance, at least in few months (two or three). After the vaccination some time should pass, so that the appropriate antibodies could have an opportunity to develop.
Vaccination against such dangerous disease as yellow fever is considered to be the mandatory one. It is made even for babies who are under age of one year and for pregnant women.
And, of course, you can protect yourself to some extent against unpleasant “surprises” by observing the necessary precautions:
- Observe basic rules of hygiene: wash your hands thoroughly with special hand antiseptic or antibacterial agent and water before eating (it is advisable also to treat cutlery in a similar way);
- Take food only in a hotel or any other respectable restaurant, do not buy food from street vendors, eat only thermally processed food products;
- Drink only bottled water without impurities, and so on.