Basics of Bacteria and Disease Prevention

Disease-causing agents like bacteria are exceedingly difficult to avoid. They exist on nearly every surface one can come into contact with on a day to day basis. The only differentiator is the concentration of microbes found on the different types of surfaces individuals interact with. For example, research suggests that when it comes to the 5 filthiest surfaces, mobile phones, utensil scrubbers, computer keyboards and light switches top the list having even a higher concentration of microbes than toilet seats. For this reason, one cannot hope to completely avoid germs and by extension, the risk of disease. However, a more practical approach lies in precaution.

Disease is everywhere. It exists around us and cannot possibly be eliminated from our surroundings. If one is to be free from disease, the primary objective should be to fortify the immune system and body in general.

microbesFor instance, it is imperative to disinfect one’s hands after a visit to the bathroom or before a meal. Disease-causing bacteria can easily be transferred from one surface to another. For this reason, one should actively and continuously be aware of their environment and be prepared to disinfect surfaces or more feasibly, their hands. Such practices are actions geared towards primary prevention.

An apple a day keeps the doctor away. It's not just a phrase designed to motivate children to feed. A major part of primary prevention lies in good dietary practices designed to boost one's immune system. In case one's efforts of disinfection fail at some point and bacteria finds its way into the body, the immune system is the body's natural defense against disease-causing microbes. It is, therefore, important to service these defenses by ingesting a balanced diet and constantly accompanying vitamin rich foods such as fruits and vegetables with meals at least 5 days of the week. Other forms of primary prevention include dental and oral hygiene as well as vaccination.

Provided such simple preventative precautions are taken, the risk of falling sick are greatly reduced. However, the chance of contracting a disease is always there and should one fall victim, the next step becomes secondary prevention.

Secondary prevention primarily entails screening for disease and bacteria. For screening to be effective, one needs to have some knowledge of early signs and symptoms associated with some illness. However, one cannot expect the average individual without any medical training to have knowledge of signs and symptoms associated with scores of bacterial diseases in existence. For this reason, it is advisable to have regular appointments with the doctor for check-ups to ensure one doesn’t have a latent disease.

Alexandr Sedishev