Plantar Fasciitis: 5 Main Causes of Heel Pain
If you feel a sharp pain under the heel when you make the first step in the morning, then you probably have plantar fasciitis. It is a common condition that affects a significant percentage of middle-aged adults and active athletes. Plantar fasciitis causes the heel to swell, and you can even develop a strain of the fascia that goes into the heel bone and hence make the condition chronic. The primary cause of this problem is overstretching your plantar fascia ligament, and this can be as a result of one or more of the following.
As you grow old, most ligaments in your body not only become tighter but also shorter than what they used to be in your earlier years. A short and tight foot ligament provides a perfect environment for all kinds of foot problems. And so according to a Mayo Clinic article, even a simple activity like walking around for several minutes each day is enough to give elderly people plantar fasciitis.
2. Weight gain
Sudden weight gain and obesity will put excess pressure on your legs, and this can lead to damaging of the plantar fascia. The damage to this sensitive ligament will diminish its ability to absorb shock; so every time you stand after sitting or lying you may feel a sharp pain on your heel. Different research findings show that weight gain will subject the bowstring to greater tension than it can handle and this results in some small tears in the fascia.
Doctors and other health experts recommend that one should lead an active life for the body to remain healthy and free of diseases. However, this has one significant shortcoming, and this is the fact that you might overuse your legs in the process and cause plantar fasciitis. Excessive jogging, walking, or standing for an extended period of time means that you are overusing your legs. It can hardly cause any issues when you are young, but when you are in your 40s or older, it can definitely cause some problems.
Shoes should protect your foot, but if you do not have the right type or if they are too tight or loose, they will bring different foot problems. If your shoes are small or too big, they will not give the foot the right support, and they may also cause you to change your walking style leading to excess pressure on your fascia.
5. Foot abnormalities
Many people have some natural foot abnormalities that include things like low arches, or flat feet, or high arches. Some also have unusual stepping styles when walking, and according to different research findings, all this can also cause plantar fasciitis.
Unfortunately, the condition is not limited to these 5 causes only. For example, such diseases as diabetes and arthritis can lead to inflammation of the tendons and, in turn, to plantar fasciitis.